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Class 12 CBSE Chemistry Test Paper


Blood cells collapse when suspended in saline water. Account for it.



Name any two neutral oxides.



a) What is the principle behind reverse osmosis?

b) Which substance is usually added into water in the car radiator to act as antifreeze?



State Raoult’s law for a solution containing non-volatile solute.




Complete the following equations and also balance them.

i) NH4Cl + Ca(OH)2 clip_image002

ii) Zn + HNO3 clip_image004

iii) P4 + SOCl2clip_image004[1]

iv) MnO4 + HClclip_image006



Draw the structures of the following compounds.

i) Peroxodisulphuric acid

ii) Phosphorous acid and account for the basicity of phosphorous acid.



45 g of ethylene glycol ( C2H6O2) is mixed with 600g of water. Calculate (a) the freezing point depression and (b) the freezing point of the solution.



2 g of benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) dissolved in 25 g of benzene shows a depression in freezing point equal to 1.62 K. Molal depression constant for benzene is 4.9 K Kgmol-1. What is the percentage association of acid if it forms dimer in solution?



Arrange the following in the order indicated.

i) MF, MCl, MBr, MI – Decreasing ionic character.

ii)HOCl, HOBr, HOI – increasing acidic strength

iii)NH3, AsH3, SbH3, PH3 – Decreasing bond dissociation enthalpy



Give reasons for the following observations.

i)Halogens are strong oxidizing agents

ii)Noble gases have large positive electron gain enthalpy.

iii)Sulphur shows paramagnetic character in vapour phase.



How do you prepare XeO3 from XeF4? Write equation. Draw the structure of XeF6. Mention any two applications of He gas.



i) How is O3 estimated quantitatively?

ii)H2SO4 is a moderately strong acid. Give evidence.

ii)Though N2 exhibits +5 oxidation state, it doesnot form pentahalide. Why?

iv)Mention the conditions required for the maximum yield of NH3.

v)What happens when Cl2 reacts with excess NH3 and NH3 reacts with excess Cl2. Give equations.



i) With the help of a graph explain positive deviation.

ii)The vapour pressure of pure liquids A & B are 450 & 700mm Hg respectively at 350K. Find out the composition of the liquid mixture if total vapour pressure is 600mm Hg. Also find the composition of the vapour phase.


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CBSE Class XI Chemistry Unit Test (First Term)


Express the following in the scientific notation:

a) 0.000456 b) 500.0



Name the experiment which is used to find the charge of an electron & what is the charge of an electron?



What are the drawbacks of Rutherford’s atomic model?



Round up the following up to three significant figures.

a) 46.216 b) 10.4107 c) 0.04597 d) 2808



Calculate the number of atoms in the following;

a) 52 moles of Ar b) 52g of He.



What is the SI unit of mass? How is it defined?



State law of multiple proportion with an example.



The density of 3M solution of NaCl is 1.25g/ml. Calculate molality of the solution.



Define isobars with examples.



Mention the two developments which played a major role in the formulation of Bohr’s model of an atom.



The atomic number and mass number of Calcium are 20 & 40 respectively. Find out the number of electrons, protons and neutrons in a Ca2+ ion.



a) How many seconds are there in 3 days?

b) A jug contains 5L of milk. Calculate the volume of milk in m3.



Calculate the concentration of HNO3 in moles per litre in a sample which has density 1.41g/ mL & the mass percent of nitric acid in it being 69%.



A compound contains 4.07% Hydrogen, 24.27 carbon and 71. 65% chlorine. Its molar mass is 98.96g. What is the empirical formula of the compound?



Write notes on Thomson’s plum pudding model of atom with its important features.



What are the conclusions drawn by Rutherford in his gold foil experiment?



i) Define limiting reagent.

ii) 50.0kg of N2 (g) and 10.0kg of H2 (g) are mixed to produce NH3 (g). Calculate the NH3(g)

produced. Identify the limiting reagent in this reaction.


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CBSE Chemistry Test Paper

1. Differentiate between ore and mineral? (1)

2. Nitrogen is inert compared to phosphorous why? (1)

3. Give an example of shape selective catalyst? (1)

4. What are aerosols give example. (1)

5. Why do Zr and Hf exhibit similar properties ? (1)

6. Assign a reason (2)

a)Ammonia is stronger base than phosphine

b)Catenation tendency of Sulphur is more than Oxygen . Read more…

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CBSE Chemistry Practice Paper for Class XII Board Exam



* Answer all the questions:

* Questions 1 to 8 carry one mark each. Answer them in one word or a sentence.

* Questions 9 to 18 carry 2 marks each. Answer them in 20 to 30 words.

* Questions 19 to 27 carry 3 marks each. Answer them in 40 to 50 words.

* Questions 28 to 30 carry 5 marks each. Answer them in 70 words.

* There is no overall choice. However there is internal choice in one question each

of two mark and three marks questions. All 5 marks questions have internal


* Calculator or any other electronic items are not allowed. However logarithm

book may be used for calculations.

1. Blood cells collapse when suspended in saline water. Give reason. (1)

2. Why is shape selective catalyst highly specific? (1)

3. What is the difference between pig iron and cast iron in terms of amount of

carbon present? (1)

4. Write one example each for homoleptic and heteroleptic complexes. (1/2 +1/2)

5. Write the IUPAC name of (1)


clip_image002clip_image002[1]clip_image003clip_image004 CH3 OC2H5

6. When benzoic acid is treated with CH3Cl and anhydrous AlCl3 ring substitution

doesn’t take place. Why? (1)

7. How do you convert ethanamide to methanamine? Write balanced equation

only. (1)

8. Name the linkage connecting the nucleotide units in DNA. (1)

9. Define the terms a) Unit cell b) Co-ordination number of a particle in close

Packing. (2)


Write an example of intrinsic semi conductor? How can you increase their


10. If sodium is present in a simple cubic lattice and the radius of one atom is

100pm, calculate the packing efficiency of the crystal. (2)

11. Calculate the mass of Ascorbic acid (C6H8O6) to be dissolved in 75g of acetic

acid to lower its melting point by 1.5°C.kf = 3.9 K Kg Mol-1. (2)

12. State Raoult’s law for the solution containing non-volatile solute. What type of

deviation is shown by Ethyl alcohol and water solution. (1+1)

13. Differentiate between order of a reaction and molecularity of a reaction (2)

14. Give reason why? (1+1)

a) C is a better reducing agent for ZnO than CO above 805°C.

b) NaCN is used in froth floatation method of purification of PbS.

15. Draw the structure of (2)

a) S6 molecule b) HClO4 molecule

16. Write the IUPAC name of [Co(NH3)5(NO2)]Cl2. This compound can be prepared

in two different colored crystalline forms. What could be the structural

difference in the two forms? (1+1).

17. Complete the following reactions. (1+1)

clip_image005clip_image006clip_image007 a) 2 Cl + 2 Na Ether


clip_image009 b) C6H5 CH2 CH = CH2 + HBr

18. Write the SN1 Mechanism involved in the conversion of (CH3)3C-Br to

(CH3)3C- OH (2)

19. a) Draw the structure of activated complex formed when H2 & I2 react to form

HI. (1)

b) A wood piece found in a excavation site contain 75% of C14 content as the

fresh wood contain. If the half life period of C14 = 5730 years, find the age of

the wood. (2)


a) In a reaction, 5g of a reactant reduced to 2.5g in 10 hr. When 10g of the (1)

reactant is taken, it took 20 hr to reduce to 5g. What is the order of the reaction?

b) For a first order reaction, the rate constant at 400K is 2.25×10-6 s-1. Calculate the rate constant at 500K if the activation energy for the reaction is 250KJ/mol.

20. a) Define the terms – (2)

i) Dialysis ii) peptisation

b) Which among the following is most suitable for coagulation of

Fe2O3.xH2O/Fe3+ colloid? Why? Al3+, PO43- , Na+, Br. (1/2 +1/2)

21. a) Arrange the following in the decreasing order of the property mentioned.

H2Se, H2S, H2Te, H2O (Bond angle)

HClO2,HClO4, HClO, HClO3 (acidic character) (2)

b) H3PO2 (metaphosphoric acid) is a strong reducing agent. Write an equation to prove this property. (1)

22. i) Though F2 has less tendency to gain electron than Cl2 egH for Cl2 is more –ve

than that of F2), it is a strong oxidizing agent than Cl2. Why? (1)

ii) Why is He used in diving apparatus? (1)

iii) Why does NO2 dimerise? (1)

23. A colorless crystalline organic solid (A), having carbolic smell is acidic in

nature. ‘A’ when treated with Bromine water gives white precipitate (B). ‘A’

when treated with NaOH and CO2 followed by hydrolysis gives compound

(C).C can be used for the preparation of Aspirin. Identify A, B, C and write

equations for all changes. (3)

24. a)Gabriel phthalimide synthesis is not suitable for the preparation of Aniline.

Why? Write equation for the preparation of ethanamine by this method. (2)

b) Why is it necessary to acetylate aniline before nitration? (1)

25. a) Name the disease caused by the deficiency of vitamin E. (1)

b) Among 1°,2°,3°& 4° structures which structure decides whether the protein is

globular (or) fibrous? Which type of forces stabilize the 2° structure of protein?

c)How do you prove that glucose contain one primary alcohol group? (1+1)

26.a) Is PVC a thermo plastic (or) thermosetting plastic? Why is it called so? (1)

b) state whether the following polymer is condensation polymer or addition

polymer ? Write the structure and name of monomers involved in this polymer.

clip_image010clip_image011clip_image012clip_image010[1]clip_image011[1] ( NH CO NH CH2 )n (2)

27.a) What do you mean by Agonist and Allosteric inhibitors? (2)

b) Soaps do not work in hard water. Why? (1)

28. a) Write two advantages of fuel cell over other cells. (2)

b) Two electrolytic cells containing AgNO3 & CuSO4 solutions as electrolytes

are connected in series. If two amperes of current is passed through the solutions

for 8 min, What is the mass of silver & copper deposited? (Atomic weight of

Cu=63.5u & Ag=108u) (2)

c) When Iron electrode at standard conditions is connected to standard hydrogen electrode to measure its standard potential, Which electrode act as anode? Why?


a) Calculate the cell potential (Ecell) of the voltaic cell which is represented as

Cr(s) / Cr3+(0.001M) // Cd2+ (0.01M) / Cd (s) (3)

Given that E°Cr3+ / Cr = – 0.74v & E°Cd2+ / Cd = – 0.40.

b) State Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ion and one of its use? (2)

29.a) What do you observe when K2MnO4 solution is acidified? support your

observation with equation. (2)

b) Answer the following related to d- Block elements-

i) For ‘Fe’ the third ionization potential is less than expected.

ii) Both Cr2+ and Mn3+ have d4 configuration but Cr2+ is reducing and Mn3+

is oxidizing. Why?

iii) d- Bolck elements & their compounds can act as catalyst. (3)


a) What is lanthanoid contraction? Write its consequences? (2)

b) Actinoids show greater number of oxidation state than Lanthanoid. Why?(1)

c) D- block elements form complexes easily. Why? (1)

d) The enthalpy of atomization is high for d-block element than s-block elements. Why? (1)

30.a) Write one example each for i) Wolff-Kishner reduction. (2)

ii) Hell-Volhard Zelinsky reaction.

b) The pKa value for benzoic acid,4-nitrobenzoic acid, 4-methoxy benzoic acid

are 4.19,3.41,4.46 respectively. What do you suggest about the effect of

substituents on the acidic character of these compounds. (2)

e) Among Acetaldehyde and acetone which is more reactive towards nucleophilic addition reaction? Why? (1)


a) Distinguish between the compound s using chemical test and write equation.

i)Benzoic acid & ethyl benzoate.

ii)Ethanal & propanal.

b) Write the equation for cross aldol condensation reaction between Benzaldehyde and acetaldehyde. (2)

c) Aldehydes & ketones have less boiling point than alcohols.Why? (1)


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· Answer all questions.

· Questions 1 to 8 carry one mark each. Answer them in one word or sentence.

· Questions 9 to 18 are short answer questions and carry two marks each.

· Questions 19 to 27 are also short answer questions and carry three marks each.

· Questions 28 to 30 are long answer questions and carry 5 marks each.

1. What are the physical state of dispersed phase and dispersion medium of emulsion?

2. The formula of a compound is A2B3 with a hcp lattice. What fraction of tetrahedral voids are occupied?

3. What is the purpose of adding xanthates to sulphide ores?

4. What is the charge on the sol formed when KI is added to excess AgNO3?



Pentavalent Bismuth is a strong oxidizing agent. Why?


6. Write IUPAC name of

7. What is carbylamine reaction?

8. Both cellulose and starch are made up of glucose units. Starch can be digested by humans but cellulose cannot be digested. Why?

9. (i) What is the reason for abnormal molecular mass of solute?

(ii) A person suffering from high blood pressure should take less common salt. Why?

10. Give reason

a) 1 gm. of pulverized wood burns faster than 1 gm. of a piece of wood.

b) Reactions of higher molecularity are rare.

11. How will you distinguish between o/w and w/o emulsions? Read more…

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